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Prof. Raphiq Ibrahim

Prof. Raphiq Ibrahim
972-4-8288115, Fax: 972-4-8288435


Current Status
Assoc. professor

Research Interests
My main research interests are in psycholinguistics and neuropsychology. In my first line of research I focus on the cognitive processing of oral and written language in both monolinguals and bilinguals. This research has contributed to our understanding of how literacy develops in different languages. In my second line of research I focus on the hemispheric specialization of higher cognitive functions and on the neuropsychological basis of reading and language dysfunctions.

Current Projects
  1. Dalashe. R., Ibrahim, R. & Karni. A. Longitudinal data on the relations of morphological and phonological training to reading acquisition in first grade: The case of Arabic language. The Journal of Psycholinguistic Research. 42 pages (Submitted-November 2011).
  2. Ibrahim, R., Motlak-Abu Dahud, R. & Shany. M . Diglossia in Arabic and the development of morphological knowledge throughout elementary schools. Scientific Studies of Reading. 35 pages (Submitted-June 2012)
  3. Khateeb, A, Share. D, & Ibrahim, R. How does speed and accuracy in reading related to reading comprehension Arabic. Reading Psychology. 32 pages (Submitted-July 2012).
  4. Ibrahim, R., Shibel. S., & Lazarovich, R. Issues in second-language acquisition in bi-lingual learning environment: The case of Arabic and Hebrew. Reading Psychology. 37 pages (Submitted-December 2012)
  5. Ganayim, D., & Ibrahim, R. Number processing in Arabic and Hebrew bilinguals: Evidence for the compatibility effect. The Cognitive Processing. 21 pages (Submitted -December 2012)
  6. Ganayim, D., & Ibrahim, R. Number processing in Arabic and Hebrew bilinguals: Evidence for the distance effect. Swiss Journal of Psychology. 24 pages (Submitted-December 2012) 30.
  7. Khateb, A, Khateb, M, Taha, Y. & Ibrahim, R. The Impact of Arabic Orthography on visual word recognition: A Developmental Perspective. Reading and Writing. 31 pages (Submitted-January 2013).
  8. Ibrahim, R., Shoshani, R., Prior. A. & Share. D. The influence of bilingualism on performance in tests examining cognitive flexibility. International Journal of Education and Bilingualism. 35 pages (Submitted-January 2013).
  9. Ibrahim, R., Abu Dabous, A., Taha, Y. &. Khateb, A,. Electronic communication in spoken and written Arabic: A case study. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice. 36 pages (Submitted-January 2013)
  10. Saady, A., Ibrahim, R., & Eviatar, Z. Language-specific and Language-general Factors in Text Reading in Arabic: Evidence from the Missing Letter Effect. Language and Cognitive Processess. 36 pages (Submitted-March 2013) 11. Meuller. P. Joubran-Awadie, J., & Ibrahim, R. Cultural bias and the retention and organization of verbal information: A developmental perspective. Memory and Cognition. 48 pages (Submitted-March 2013)

Ongoing Projects 
  1. Abu-Ahamad, H., Ibrahim, R., & Share. D.L. The relationship between various language skills in kindergarten and reading abilities in first grade.
  2. Asadi. I., Khateb, A, & Ibrahim, R. How does orthographic depth affect the involvement of cognitive and linguistic abilities in reading in Arabic: A developmental perspective.
  3. Makhoul, B, & Ibrahim, R.,. Difficulties in reading and writing acquisition in 1st grade Arab children in intensive learning enviourment.
  4. Jabour, M., Shany. M, & Ibrahim, R, The contribution of naming speed and phonological awareness to reading pointed words and texts in the Arabic language. Reading and Writing.
  5. Schwartz, M., Faris , R , Kahn-Horwitz, J,& Ibrahim, R. English spelling and decoding acquisition amongst students from Semitic orthographic backgrounds.
  6. Musa, S, Eviatar. Z., & Ibrahim, R. The overlapping lexical representation of Arabic and Hebrew written and spoken verbal number among Arabic – Hebrew bilingual speakers 31.
  7. Salami, N., Ibrahim, R. & Shany, The contribution of presentation of text in spoken Arabic to text comprehension in literary Arabic: a developmental study from 1st grade to 6th grade
  8. Ibrahim, R. Effect of empathic letters on spelling in the context of diglossia in Arabic
  9. Krayem. M., Khateb, A, & Ibrahim, Diglossia in Arabic: event-related potentials during an auditory lexical decision task
  10. Zahalka, R., Khateb, A, & Ibrahim, Diglossia in Arabic: event-related potentials during a visual lexical decision task
  11. Ganayim, D. Eviatar, Z., & Ibrahim, R. Visual processing in Arabic: ERPs to connected and unconnected letters and words
  12. Hellow, A., Eviatar, Z., & Ibrahim, R. Influence of Arabic letter characteristic on naming and reading fluency in skilled readers
  13. Yacoub., & Ibrahim, R. Rreading performance in Hebrew and Arabic and their relation to cognitive abilities
  14. Copti, T., Ibrahim, R. Makhoul , B. Diglossia’s effect on language comprehension in standard and spoken Arabic amongst normal children and children with learning difficulties.
  15. Ibrahim, R., Kirletz, T., Ben-Semon, A.M & Eviatar, Z. Differences in Reading Rate of Hebrew and Arabic Texts used in the Psychometric Exam.
  16. Asadi. I., Khateb, A, & Ibrahim, R. The influence of orthographic characteristics on spelling abilities in Arabic: A developmental study.
  17. Makhoul , B. & Ibrahim, R. Reading and writing acquisition of Arabic language in 1st grade Arab children according the interactive model.
  18. Makhoul , B., Olstein, E., & Ibrahim, R. Investigating Reading and writing process in Arabic considering the interactive model in 2nd -6th grades- a cross sectional study.
  19. Ibrahim, R., Khateb, A, Myhill, J. & Marwat, R., Differences in reading and writing in Arabic orthography and electronic Arabic.
  20. Leikin, M., Hayadre, J., & Ibrahim, R. The development of retrieval skill of story in native Arab children. 32
  21. Prior. A., Awawdy, S., & Ibrahim, R.. The contribution of executive functions to the acquisition of Hebrew as second language among native speakers of Arabic.
  22. Khateb, A., Khazen. M., & Ibrahim, R. Diglossia in Arabic: Event-related potentials during a visual semantic decision task.
  23. Gantus, N., Ibrahim, R. & Shany, Effect of diglossia and words frequency on spelling ability among skilled and poor Arab readers.
  24. Almadi, N, Taha, Y., Ibrahim, R. & Khateb, A The influence of vowels on word reading accuracy and comprehension levels of narrative texts in Arabic and Hebrew among skilled and reading disabled: A developmental study.
  25. Eviatar. Z., & Ibrahim, R. Cerebral hemispheric involvement in reading in Arabic: A validation of models in reading in Arabic.
  26. Maroun, L., Ibrahim, R. & Eviatar. Z. Subtypes of dyslexia in Arabic: Evidence from behavioral and neurocognitive measures in skilled and disabled readers.
  27. Khatteb Abu-Leil, A.. Eviatar, Z., & Ibrahim, R. Literacy in multiple Arabics: Effects of diglossia and orthography


Year Degree and Name of the Institution
1988 Ben-Gurion University - Behavioral Sciences (Psychology). Bachelor of Arts
1993 Hebrew University - Neurobiology. Master of Sciences (with distinction
1997 Hebrew University - Cognitive Psychology and Education. Doctor of Philosophy
1999 Department of Psychology and Institute of Information Processing and Decision Making (IIPDM), University of Haifa. Postdoctorate with: Zohar Eviatar. Head of Institution: Asher Koriat

Current Courses
  • M.A. Lecture Introduction to Cognitive and Developmental Neuropsychology.
  • M.A. Seminar Verbal Information Processing in Arabic: Processes and Disabilities.
  • M.A. Lecture Diagnostics of Cognitive Disorders in Arabic.

CNN, 2010 
BBC, 2010 
Washington Post, 2010 
USA Today, 2009-2010 
One interview can be viewed in the following link: 
I also was interviewed on the radio programs Kol Israel and Zain-Palestine. The interviews can be found in the following links: 
Articles of my research in various topics and issues like: the cognitive status of Spoken Arabic and Standard Arabic and the connection to learning disabilities, the validity and the reliability of the psychometric exam in Arabic language appeared in the following newspapers and electronic sites: 
-See interview 2011,1,2.htmlد.رفيق:الخط-العربي-يثقل-عمل-الدماغ.html
Medical News Today, 2010
Science Daily, 2009, 2010
Science Week, 2009
Daily India, 2010
Xinhua News Agency-China, 2010
Argentina Star, 2011
Taiwan Sun, 2010
Thaindian News, 2010
Saudi, 2010
Qatar, 2010
Accented teachers may be better for English language learners: study, 2009-2010
What makes an accent in a foreign language lighter?, 2009-2010
Reading Arabic Isn’t Easy: reading acquisition in Arabic is much harder in comparison to English, new research suggests, 2009-2012 
International, 2009-2010
Hebrew, 2009-2012,7340,L-3949715,00.html 
Arabic, 2009-2011 
What is unique in the brain of an Arabic speaker? Literary Arabic is expressed in the brain of an Arabic speaker as a second language and not as a mother tongue, 2009-2011 
Do Bilingual Persons Have Distinct Language Areas In The Brain?, 2009 
In Hebrew,7340,L-3742727,00.html 
In Arabic 
Literary and Colloquial Arabic Languages and the Connection to Learning Disabilities, 2010-2011,1,2.html,1,2.html 
The validity and reliability of the Psychometric Test in Arabic language, 2010-2011,1,2.html 
Academic character of the year 2010 
In the personal level, I was awarded Academic Character of the year 
(2010) from the Institution for Honoring the Year Character of Arab Society in Israel. The event was reported upon widely in the Arabic-Language press (See sample of the reports):د.-رفيق-ابراهيم-يفوز-بلقب-شخصية-عام-2010-في-مجال-البحث-العلمي?s=67fab5003552fe78585fc79ea8541eef 
Brain's Involvement in Processing Depends On Language's Graphic Symbols, 2012,7340,L-4204678,00.html,80337الدكتور-رفيق-ابراهيم-يكشف-في-دراسة-جديدة-توزيع-الوظائف-بين-النصف-الايمن-و-النصف-الايسر-من-الدماغ-في-معالجة-اللغة-المكتوبة-./,N-5780.html 
Essential tremor prevalence is low in the Druze population in Northern Israel,1,2.html,86852,N-8260.htmlبحث-يظهر-انتشار-منخفض-لأمراض-الحركة-وسط-الدروز/ 
Orthographic connectivity in Arabic and brain activity 
Typographical factors and reading comprehension inArabic 
Academic affairs-2013,N-7649.html,1,2.html 
The First Standardized Evaluation to Diagnose Learning Disabilities in the Arabic Language (in Hebrew):